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The Chinese have many annual festivals and period festivities, their customs and traditions depend mostly on the nationality of Han and other groups. Here are the holidays and ferias that China has in a Year:
A) Western New Year or solar calendar (January 1) or called as "Yuan Dan", like other countries, China also celebrates the arrival of the new year. With this reason there are three days of holiday.
B) Spring Festival or "Chinese New Year" (January or February) or known as "Chun Jie" in Chinese language. There are seven days of holiday.
It is the most important and spiritual holiday in all of China, it would be Christmas for Western countries and for Bolivians on June 21. It is the first day in the lunar calendar mostly the party falls in January or February, precisely at the stage of changing seasons between the end of winter and the beginning of spring. The festive atmosphere in the markets is felt a month in advance, both large cities and small towns are festooned with festive objects, hanging on the doors of houses with red patterns. The color red is considered as representing good luck and prosperity.
The night before the key day of the Spring Festival is called "Chu Xi" or "Eve," in which many Chinese burst firecrackers and the noise is heard almost in all cities and "Ayllus" communities. Finally, when the time comes for family reunion, everyone sits at the same table, eats and drinks until dawn; And at midnight or 24:00 hours, you start to eat ravioli known as "Jiaozi", which comes from "Zizheng", which means the time of exchange or the exchange of years. The ravioli is white, in their shape they are like the small salteñas of La Paz or like the "K'ispiñas" of the Bolivian plateau.
The next morning, the Chinese are accustomed to visit relatives: parents, grandparents and important relatives around them; They put on new clothes and all go out to visit their relatives and fulfill this ancestral custom. Even some carry gift money wrapped in red envelopes or wrapped in red paper, in Chinese language is called "hongbao".
C) Lantern Festival or "Yuan Xiao Jie" (occurs 15 days after the Spring Festival). It is a holiday without holiday days.
It falls on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, 15 days after the Spring Festival. At this important festival, a large number of Chinese people attend the fair of lanterns, playing fireworks and firecrackers, with less intensity than in the Spring Festival. On this occasion, the Chinese have the habit of eating 'Yuan Xiao', which are pasta balls stuffed with sweet or sesame.
(D) International Women's Day (8 March). There is a half day holiday and tolerance for Chinese women.
E) Day of the dead or "All Saints of China", in Chinese it is said "Qing Ming Jie" (It falls on April 5, with possibility of being moved sometimes). It implies three days of national holiday. On that day the Chinese go to the tombs of the ancestors to put flowers or burn money of paper or clothes of paper so that the deceased can consume it and live better in the ultra tomb.
F) International Labor Day or in Chinese is known as "Lao Dong Jie" (May 1). Three days of national holiday.
G) Dragon boat party or May celebration in Chinese "Duan Wu Jie" (May-June), with three days of National Holiday.
It is a festival dedicated to the poet and patriot Lord "Qu Yuan". According to the ancient history of China, May 5 of the year 278 (a.n.e). of the lunar calendar, this Chinese citizen committed suicide and threw himself to the river Milou for not having opportunity to sacrifice for the mother country, since the State of Chu at the time most trusted in a small group of disloyal and corrupt power.
It is said that many local people wanted to save him from the river and recover his corpse, but unfortunately with no result. Since then many people go to the river to send food, in the hope of sustaining their body, later they begin to throw Zongzi or Rice wrapped with corn or banana leaf. Later this memory derived in a day of competition of dragon boats, even for sports purposes.
H) Day of the founding of the Communist Party of China (I of July), without holiday. The Communist Party of the People's Republic of China was born on July 1, 1921, because of the revolutionary needs and system change of the Chinese State structure.
I) Day of diplomatic relations between Bolivia and China ( July 9). No holiday day.
J) Day of the founding of the People's Liberation Army of China (August 1). No holiday.
K) Moon Festival or Fall Festival "Zhongqiu Jie" (September-October), with three days of national holiday.
It is an important holiday for the Chinese, falls on the fifteenth day of the eighth month of the Chinese lunar calendar. According to customary customs, that night the Chinese often eat cakes or mooncakes, they offer all kinds of sweet fillings inside. After a succulent dinner, the whole family gathers to contemplate the beautiful landscape of the full moon.
L) National Day of the People's Republic of China or Feast of New China (October 1), with seven days of National Holiday.
It recalls the founding of New China or People's Republic of China in 1949.
M) Anniversary of the birth of the child Jesus, son of God or ¨Christmas¨. There is no holiday.
During the decade of the 90 and in revolutionary times of Mao Zedong, almost did not give more importance to the Christmas Party. But now, as the opening up to the outside is deepening, many Chinese citizens, especially the new generation, come to shops and markets to buy their gifts for Christmas Eve.